ethmoid n : one of the eight bones of the cranium; a small bone filled with air spaces that forms part of the eye sockets and the nasal cavity [syn: ethmoid bone]
- Resembling a sieve.
- The ethmoid bone.
The ethmoid bone (from Greek ethmos, "sieve") is a bone in the skull that separates the nasal cavity from the brain. As such, it is located at the roof of the nose, between the two orbits. The cubical bone is lightweight due to a spongy construction.
ArticulationsThe ethmoid articulates with fifteen bones:
InjuriesThe ethmoid bone is very delicate and is easily injured by a sharp upward blow to the nose, such as a person might suffer by striking an automobile dashboard in a collision. The force of a blow can drive bone fragments through the cribiform plate into the meninges or brain tissue. Such injuries are often evidenced by leakage of cerebrospinal fluid into the nasal cavity, and may be followed from the nasal cavity to the brain.
Blows to the head can also shear off the olfactory nerves that pass though the ethmoid bone and cause anosmia, an irreversible loss of the sense of smell and a great reduction in the sense of taste (most of which depends on smell). This not only deprives life of some of its pleasures, but can also be dangerous, as when a person fails to smell smoke, gas, or spoiled food.
Fracture of the lamina papyracea, the lateral plate of the ethmoid labyrinth bone, permits communication between the nasal cavity and the ipsilateral orbit through the inferomedial orbital wall, resulting in orbital emphysema. Increased pressure within the nasal cavity, as seen during sneezing, for example, leads to temporary exophthalmos.
Role in magnetoceptionSome birds and other migratory animals have deposits of biological magnetite in their ethmoid bones which allow them to sense the direction of the Earth's magnetic field. Humans have a similar magnetite deposit, but it is believed to be vestigial. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?tmpl=NoSidebarfile&db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=17069982&dopt=AbstractPlus
Image:Gray153.png |Lateral wall of nasal cavity, showing ethmoid bone in position.
ethmoid in Arabic: عظم غربالي
ethmoid in Catalan: Etmoide
ethmoid in German: Siebbein
ethmoid in Spanish: Hueso etmoides
ethmoid in French: Os ethmoïde
ethmoid in Galician: Etmoide
ethmoid in Italian: Osso etmoide
ethmoid in Latvian: Sietiņkauls
ethmoid in Lithuanian: Akytkaulis
ethmoid in Hungarian: Rostacsont
ethmoid in Dutch: Zeefbeen
ethmoid in Japanese: 篩骨
ethmoid in Polish: Kość sitowa
ethmoid in Portuguese: Osso etmóide
ethmoid in Simple English: Ethmoid bone
ethmoid in Slovak: Čuchová kosť
ethmoid in Slovenian: Sitka
ethmoid in Thai: กระดูกเอทมอยด์
ethmoid in Ukrainian: Ґратчаста кістка
ethmoid in Chinese: 筛骨